Were Italians traveling to the US from Italy required to have passports or a state-issued identification card in the 1870s/1880s?
I am forever on the search for my ancestors who left Italy for Redhook Brooklyn, NY in 1877. The ship's passenger manifest says the last name is "Minosi." If this is so - was there a passport or ID card that had this last name? If so, would this be the correct spelling of the last name in the family register in Italy? How can I be sure that this is the correct spelling of the last name?